grim: A Flexible, Conservative Scheme for Relativistic Fluid Theories

Chandra, M.; Foucart, F.; Gammie, C. F.

Hot, diffuse, relativistic plasmas such as sub-Eddington black hole accretion flows are expected to be collisionless, yet are commonly modeled as a fluid using ideal general relativistic magnetohydrodynamics (GRMHD). Dissipative effects such as heat conduction and viscosity can be important in a collisionless plasma and will potentially alter the dynamics and radiative properties of the flow from that in ideal fluid models; we refer to models that include these processes as Extended GRMHD. Here we describe a new conservative code, \grim, that enables all the above and additional physics to be efficiently incorporated. \grim~combines time evolution and primitive variable inversion needed for conservative schemes into a single step using an algorithm that only requires the residuals of the governing equations as inputs. This algorithm enables the code to be physics agnostic as well as flexibility regarding time-stepping schemes. \grim~runs on CPUs, as well as on GPUs, using the \emph{same} code. We formulate a performance model, and use it to show that our implementation runs optimally on both architectures. \grim~correctly captures classical GRMHD test problems as well as a new suite of linear and nonlinear test problems with anisotropic conduction and viscosity in special and general relativity. As tests and example applications, we resolve the shock substructure due to the presence of dissipation, and report on relativistic versions of the magneto-thermal instability and heat flux driven buoyancy instability, which arise due to anisotropic heat conduction, and of the firehose instability, which occurs due to anisotropic pressure (i.e. viscosity). Finally, we show an example integration of an accretion flow around a Kerr black hole, using Extended GRMHD.